59-240 Introductory Physical Chemistry

Course Notes

Course notes for 59-240 are available below.  Yellow highlighting indicates that the notes have been updated for Fall 2012.  Tentative lecture dates will be updated as the term progresses.  Please let me know if you find any mistakes in the notes so that I can fix them for the other students! 

Note, after our preliminary lecture, all notes will be posted on the new web site.

Fall 2012 Physical Chemistry:

# Dates Title Reading
8th(7th)
Exercises
(8th ed.)
Exercises
(7th ed.)
0 Sept. 7, 2012 Lecture 0 - Introduction to Physical Chemistry Notes None None
Chapter 1: Properties of Gases
1   Lecture 1 - States of Gases 1.1
(1.1)
M1.1, 1.2, M1.3, 1.4, 1.7
Exercises
1.4, 1.6, 1.7, 1.9, 1.10
2   Lecture 2 - Gas Laws 1.2
(1.2)
1.8, 1.10, 1.11, 1.18, 1.5, P1.1, P1.28
Exercises
1.11, 1.13, 1.14, 1.22, P1.1, P1.3, P1.30
3   Lecture 3 - Kinetic Model of Gases
Aside: Cold Atoms
1.2, 21.1
(24.1)
21.1, 21.2, 21.7, Self-Test 21.1 (p. 752), P21.23 24.4, 24.5, 24.10, Self-Test 24.1 (p. 820), P24.23
21.3, 21.4, 21.5, 21.6
Exercises
24.6, 24.7, 24.8, 24.9
4   Lecture 4 - Real Gases 1.3-1.5
(1.3-1.5)
1.1, 1.13, 1.15, 1.16, 1.17, 1.19, 1.20 1.21, P1.17, P1.20
Exercises
1.5, 1.16, 1.18, 1.19, 1.21, 1.23, 1.24, 1.25, P1.20, P1.23
Chapter 2: The First Law: Concepts
5   Lecture 5 - Introduction to Thermodynamics 2.1-2.2

Free energy scams

6   Lecture 6 - Work, Heat and Energy
Supplementary notes
2.3-2.4 M2.1, 2.1, 2.2, 2.4, 2.5, M2.2, 2.7
Exercises
2.4, 2.5, 2.6, 2.8, 2.9, 2.10, 2.12
7   Lecture 7 - Enthalpy and Adiabatic Expansion
See also: self-guided tutorial (see below, complete this prior to first mid-term)
2.5-2.6 Set 1: 2.3, 2.8, 2.9, 2.10, 2.11, M2.3, 2.12,
Set 2: M2.4, 2.13, 2.14, M2.5, 2.15, M2.6, M2.7
Exercises
Set 1: 2.7, 2.14, 2.15, 2.16, 2.17, 2.18, 2.20
Set 2: 2.21, 2.22, 2.23, 2.24, 2.25, 2.27, 2.28
8   Lecture 8 - Thermochemistry 2.7-2.9 2.6, 2.16, 2.17, M2.8, 2.18, 2.19, 2.20, 2.21, M2.9, 2.22, 2.26, 2.28
Exercises
2.11, 2.29, 2.30, 2.31, 2.32, 2.35, 2.36, 2.37, 2.39, 2.40, 2.44, 2.45
--   Transition Lecture: Qualitative Calculations of q, w, DU and DH in class P2.20, M2.10, P2.21ab, P2.21c, P2.22, P2.25
Exercises
3.4, 3.5, 3.6, 3.7, 3.8, 3.9
Note: in 6th & 7th editions, this material is in Chapter 3: The First Law: Machinery
9   Lecture 9 - The Machinery of the First Law 2.10-2.12 & Further Info
(Ch. 3)
P2.26, M2.11, 2.29, 2.30, 2.31, 2.32, 2.33, M2.12, P2.23a, P2.23b, P2.24, P2.30, P2.34
Exercises
3.10, 3.12, 3.13, 3.14, 3.15, 3.16, 3.17, 3.18, P3.12, P3.13, P3.14, P3.17, P3.24
Mid-Term #1 - Oct. 19, 2011 - Start of course material to lecture 9, not including exercises relating to the Joule-Thomson coefficients.
Self-guided tutorial & answer key - summarizing Chapters 1-3
Chapter 3: The Second Law: Concepts
10 Oct. 21, 26 Lecture 10 - Introduction to the Second Law, Entropy

 
3.1-3.3
(4.1-4.3)
3.1, 3.2, 3.3, 3.4 4.4, 4.5, 4.6, 4.7
3.5, M3.1, M3.2, M3.3, M3.4, M3.5
- Exercises
-
Solutions
4.8, 4.9, 4.10, 4.11, 4.12, 4.13
11 Oct. 28, 31 Lecture 11 - Entropy Accompanying Specific Processes 3.3
(4.3)
M3.6, 3.5, 3.8, 3.9, 3.10, M3.7, 3.14, 3.15
- Exercises
- Solutions
4.14, 4.15, 4.18, 4.19, 4.20, 4.24, 4.25, 4.26
12 Oct. 31 Lecture 12 - Third Law and Gibbs and Helmholz Energies

Proof: max. non-exp. work
3.4-3.6
(4.4-4.6)
3.6, 3.7, 3.11, 3.12, 3.13, P3.5
Exercises & Solutions
4.16, 4.17, 4.21, 4.22, 4.23, P4.5
Note: in 6th & 7th editions, this material is in Chapter 5: The Second Law: Machinery
13 Nov. 2, 4, 7 Lecture 13 - The Second Law - Machinery

clarification for E5.7 (7th), E3.18 (8th)

 

3.7-3.9 & Further Info
(5.1-5.5)
M3.8, 3.16, 3.17, 3.18, M3.9, 3.19, 3.20, 3.21, 3.22 5.4, 5.5, 5.6, 5.7, 5.8, 5.9, 5.10, 5.12, 5.13
M3.10, P3.22, P3.23a, P3.23b, M3.11, P3.24, P3.25, P3.26a, P3.26b, P3.27, P3.28, P3.30 P3.33
-Exercises
-Solutions
5.14a, 5.14b, 5.15a, 5.15b, P5.1, P5.5, P5.6, P5.7, P5.8, P5.9, P5.10, P.5.14, P5.21
Chapter 4: Physical Transformations of Pure Substances
14 Nov. 7, 9 Lecture 14 - Phase diagrams

vapour pressure proof

 

4.1-4.6
(6.1-6.6)
4.1, 4.2, 4.4, 4.5, 4.6, 4.7a, M4.1, DQ4.4, 4.8, 4.9, 4.10, DQ4.6 Exercises & Solutions 6.4, 6.5, 6.7, 6.8, 6.9, 6.10a, 6.2a, 6.2b, 6.11, 6.12, 6.13, 6.3a 
15 Nov. 16, 23 Lecture 15 - Phase Transitions and Surfaces
 
4.7, 18.7, 18.8
(6.7-6.10)
 
18.10, 18.11, 18.12, P4.1, P4.2, P4.22
-Exercises & Solutions
6.14, 6.15, 6.16, P6.1, P6.2, P6.21
Mid-Term #2 - Nov. 21, 2011
Material: Up to the end of Lecture 14.
Chapter 5: Simple Mixtures  -  Sections 7.1 - 7.5
16 Nov. 23, 25, 28 Lecture 16 - Simple Mixtures
5.1-5.3
(7.1-7.3)
5.1, 5.2, 5.3, Self-Test 5.2 (p. 141 Atkins 8th), 5.4, M5.1, 5.5, 5.6
-Exercises & Solutions
7.4, 7.5, 7.6, Self-Test 7.2, (p. 166 Atkins 7th), 7.7, 7.8, 7.9, 7.10
17 Nov. 28, 30 Lecture 17 - Properties of Solutions

Proof: Boiling Point Elevation

5.4-5.5
(7.4-7.5)
5.7, 5.8, 5.9, 5.10, 5.11, 5.12, M5.2, 5.13, 5.14
-Exercises & Solutions
7.11, 7.12, 7.13, 7.14, 7.15, 7.16, 7.17, 7.18, 7.19
Chapter 6: Phase Diagrams
18 Nov. 30 Lecture 18 - The Phase Rule 6.1-6.3
(8.1-8.3)
6.1, 6.2, 6.3, 6.4, 6.7, DQ6.3, DQ6.4, DQ6.5, DQ6.6, 6.9
-Exercises & Solutions
8.4, 8.5, 8.6, 8.7, 8.10, 8.2a, 8.2b, 8.3a, 8.3b, 8.12
    Proof of equation on slides 13, 14(eq. 8-6, 6th and 7th editions) Material to accompany lecture 18
19 Dec. 2, 5 Lecture 19 - Phase Diagrams 6.1-6.3
(8.4-8.6)
6.10, 6.11, 6.12, 6.13, 6.14, 6.15, 6.16, 6.17
-Exercises & Solutions
8.13, 8.14, 8.15, 8.16, 8.17, 8.18, 8.19, 8.20
    Lecture 19 - Demo notes Material to accompany lecture 19 "memory metal" demo
    Sample phase diagrams and micrographs: Cu/Al and Si/Al alloys Material to accompany lecture 19
Please review this material, and compare with the "interactive phase diagram" from Southhampton.
Final Examination, comprehensive, Chapters 1 - 6 (Chapters 1-8 in 6th and 7th editions) - Dec. 14, 2011
Copyright Rob Schurko, 2000-2011
Updated: 23/09/2011
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